The Belgian Foreign Trade Agency (BFTA) is responsible for gathering, processing and disseminating comparative national and international statistics. We draw up, among others, bilateral sheets about Belgium’s relationship with other countries and commentary memos on world trade and Belgium’s foreign trade.
In 2018, Belgium ran a foreign trade surplus of almost EUR 14.0 billion, which is EUR 5.1 billion less than a year earlier.
Belgium's top 15 customers
With EUR 70.1 billion, Germany remained our number one client in 2018. Exports grew by 10.0% (+EUR 6.4 billion) when compared to a year earlier. France held on to second place with exports amounting to EUR 57.0 billion. In comparison to a year earlier, exports had increased slightly by 0.4% (+EUR 225.1 million). Finally, Belgian exports to the Netherlands were up by 5.3% in value, from EUR 45.8 billion in 2017 to EUR 48.3 billion a year later.
Belgium's top 15 suppliers
The Netherlands are still Belgium’s number one supplier. Imports from this country increased by 9.5% in value, from EUR 62.3 billion in 2017 to EUR 68.2 billion a year later. Germany remained in second place with imports amounting to EUR 49.5 billion, which is a decline of 2.3% (-EUR 1.2 billion) when compared to a year earlier. Meanwhile, France held on to third place with EUR 35.8 billion (+3.9% or +EUR 1.3 billion).